With the increasing density of educational places in cities, schools are getting closer to a "single building". This is mainly due to the consideration of land use efficiency-that is, through the compact plane layout and superposition of functions in the vertical direction, the shortage of site area can be made up and more flexible space can be obtained. However, we believe that "single-building school" is a strategy to deal with the high-density design conditions, and should not be the goal of deliberate pursuit.
"Wai House", a local community space in Longgang, shows us another possibility: returning to the "campus", taking the campus as a "positive shape" and the architecture as a "negative shape". The house is called "House", but it is actually a "village". Despite the high-density distribution of its buildings, the core public space of the settlement has always maintained enough traffic and scale-including the "patios" dotted around and the "heavenly streets" connecting things vertically and horizontally. These outdoor and semi-outdoor places bring great flexibility to the settlement life.
Inspired by this, we hope that the campus is an urban community or settlement facing the sky. Learning can take place not only in playgrounds, semi-outdoor overhead floors, or campus farms on the roof, but also in streets, squares and gardens. What we invited to the campus were the cloudy and sunny sky, the drizzle, the uncertain breeze and the falling leaves.
The new building and the reserved building work together in geometric relation to create five courtyards (also five large "public rooms") as the core of the campus, and isolate the noise of the city from the campus-just like the courtyard matrix inside the "enclosure" and the defensive "surrounding house" outside. All courtyards together form a "walking loop" which is located on the ground and connects all campus functional subjects. There are large-scale public facilities such as stadiums, exhibition halls, multi-function lecture halls and canteens distributed along it. There are also small and medium-sized activity halls that encourage cooperation, such as innovative classrooms and community activity rooms. This ample outdoor space between the old and new buildings also allows many lush trees on campus to be preserved and become the founder of the new campus landscape in the future. The "social ring" on the ground will also shift the axis of the campus space facing the reserved buildings, so that the courtyard, not the buildings, will become the core of the campus.
Project Name: Shenzhen Middle School Longgang Junior High School
Design Motif: Campus Towards The Sky
Principals In Charge: Luo Ren、Zhao Yao
Design Team: Wang Yingli、Ge Yang
Site Area: 22996㎡
Floor Area: 51791㎡